Volume 11, Issue 1 (6-2024)                   NBR 2024, 11(1): 33-47 | Back to browse issues page

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Asgari B, Mohammadi A, Attaran B. Nanoemulsification of Syzygium aromaticum essential oil; Preparation, optimization, and study of its antibacterial activity against some gastrointestinal poisoning bacteria. NBR 2024; 11 (1) : 3
URL: http://nbr.khu.ac.ir/article-1-3661-en.html
Alzahra University , a.mohammadi@alzahra.ac.ir
Abstract:   (339 Views)
The aim of the present work was to produce a stable nanoemulsion containing clove (Syzygium aromaticum) essential oil (PCLO) and evaluate its antimicrobial activity. The effect of the preparation technique, the type of surfactant and the ratio of surfactant to oil was evaluated to optimize the preparation formula of oil-in-water nanoemulsion. The optimized formula prepared by low energy production method containing 4% w/w PCLO and 12% w/w mixed surfactant (SDS + Tween 80) produced a clear and stable nanoemulsion for 90 days with an average particle diameter below 150 nm. The antibacterial activity of pure PCLO and its nanoemulsions (NCLO) was investigated by disk diffusion, agar well, and broth methods in 3 indicator bacteria of gastrointestinal infections, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Salmonella typhimurium. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and bacteriocidal concentration (MBC) as well as dynamic killing time were determined in the tested bacteria. Strong antibacterial activity of PCLO and NCLO was revealed in the concentration range of 1000-2000 ppm. The killing kinetics study showed that during the first 15 minutes of exposure to NCLO at the MIC concentration, there was a rapid and extensive reduction in the amount of viable microorganisms. The presented data, considering the optimal performance of antimicrobial substances in food, cosmetics and chemical industries, can help in the rational design of nanoemulsion-based essential oil delivery systems.
 
Article number: 3
Full-Text [PDF 1485 kb]   (103 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Biotechnology
Received: 2023/12/17 | Revised: 2024/06/23 | Accepted: 2024/06/9 | Published: 2024/06/22 | ePublished: 2024/06/22

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