Volume 9, Issue 1 (3-2022)                   nbr 2022, 9(1): 50-60 | Back to browse issues page

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Radkhah A R, Eagderi S, Poorbagher H, Nowferesti H. Sexual dimorphism of Eastern mosquitofish (Gambusia holbrooki Girard, 1859) in Gamasiab River, Kermanshah province. nbr. 2022; 9 (1) :50-60
URL: http://nbr.khu.ac.ir/article-1-3478-en.html
Depertmment of Fisheries, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran , soheil.eagderi@ut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (134 Views)
Gambusia holbrooki Girard, 1859 is considered as one of the non-native and invasive species in the inland waters of Iran. This species occurs in most inland basins and aquatic bodies of Iran and has even been found in brackish waters. Extensive adaptations of this species to its different habitats caused numerous changes in its biological characteristics and morphological traits. The present study was performed to investigate the sexual dimorphism of G. holbrooki in the Gamasiab River, Kermanshah Province, Iran. 59 fish specimens were collected from the river in September 2017. After taxonomic confirmation and sex determination, 29 morphological traits were measured in fish samples using a caliper and their meristic traits were recorded. In total, 37 characters (including 8 meristic traits and 29 morphometric traits) were examined. After obtaining morphological data, Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Discriminant Function Analysis (DFA) were utilized to compare morphological traits between male and female individuals. The results showed that the 59 specimens were comprised of 30 malea and 29 femalea. On the basis of the results, all morphological traits, except the caudal peduncle length, dorsal fin base length and a post-anal length, showed significant sexual dimorphism (p <0.05). The results of DFA and PCA analysis showed that males and females were completely different from each other in terms of morphometric traits. These findings indicate that there is a sexual dimorphism in G. holbrooki of the Gamasiab River. The sexual dimorphism observed in this fish species is due to the sexual selection and increase of reproductive success.

 
Article number: 5
Full-Text [PDF 321 kb]   (68 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Animal Biology
Received: 2021/07/22 | Revised: 2022/03/16 | Accepted: 2021/11/28 | Published: 2022/03/16 | ePublished: 2022/03/16

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