Volume 8, Issue 3 (10-2021)                   NBR 2021, 8(3): 220-232 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Arshi A, Salimi A, chavoushi M. The effects of kiwi fruit extract and gallic acid on symbiotic relationship between broomrape and tomato . NBR. 2021; 8 (3) :220-232
URL: http://nbr.khu.ac.ir/article-1-3368-en.html
Department of Plant Sciences, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran , salimi@khu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (152 Views)
Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is one of the most important crops and a known host of broomrapes. The species of genus Orobanche are biotic stress factors restricting plant growth and crop production. Some natural compounds and chemicals affect this biological relationship. Therefore, in the present study, the effect of gallic acid and kiwi fruit extract on the biological relationship between broomrape and tomato plant was investigated. To this end, first, the symbiotic effect of the broomrape species, Orobanche aegytica, on growth parameters of tomato plant and the amount of soluble sugar and photosynthetic pigments were evaluated. Then, the effect of concentrations of gallic acid and kiwi fruit extract at different levels on this biological relationship was investigated by measuring the growth parameters of tomato and broomrape, photosynthetic pigments and the amount of soluble sugar in tomatoes. The results demonstrated that the broomrapes reduced the fresh weight and dry weight of the stem, leaves and roots of tomato, diminished the leaf area of the host plant, and decreased the amount of photosynthetic pigments and its soluble sugar content. Gallic acid treatment and kiwi fruit extract lessened the growth parameters of the broomrape species and its overall growth, in addition to increasing the growth of tomato plants. This process could be associated with the constraint of the biological relationship between the parasite and the host, as the soluble sugar content as well as the amount of the photosynthetic pigments of tomato plants were increased and the tomato plants remained highly resistant.

 
Full-Text [PDF 382 kb]   (130 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Plant Biology
Received: 2020/05/31 | Revised: 2021/10/30 | Accepted: 2021/02/22 | Published: 2021/10/19 | ePublished: 2021/10/19

References
1. Berger, S., Sinha, A. K. & Roitsch, T. 2007. Plant physiology meets phytopathology: plant primary metabolism and plant-pathogen interactions. Experimental Botany. 58:4019-4026. [DOI:10.1093/jxb/erm298]
2. Eizenberg, H., Colquhoun, J. B.& Mallory-Smith, C. A. 2006. Imazamox application timing for small broomrape (Orobanche minor) control in red clover. Weed Science. 54: 923-927. [DOI:10.1614/WS-05-151R.1]
3. Eizenberg, H. & Goldwasser, Y. 2018. Control of egyptian broomrape in processing tomato: A summary of 20 years of research and successful implementation. Plant Disease. 102: 1477-1488. [DOI:10.1094/PDIS-01-18-0020-FE]
4. Giovane, A., Laratta, B., Loiudice, R., Quagliuolo, L., Castaldo, D. & Servillo, L. 1996. Determination of residual pectin methylesterase activity in food products. Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry. 23: 181-184.
5. Habimana, S., Nduwumuremyi, A. & Chinama, R. 2014. Managementof orobanche in field crops: A review. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition. 14: 43-62. [DOI:10.4067/S0718-95162014005000004]
6. Jiang, F., Jeschke, W. D. & Hartung, W. 2004. Abscisic acid (ABA) flows from Hordeum vulgare to the hemiparasite Rhinanthus minor and the influence of infection on host and parasite abscisic acid relations. Experimental Botany. 55: 2323-2329. [DOI:10.1093/jxb/erh240]
7. Jolie, R.P., Duvetter, T., Houben, K., Vandevenne, E., Van Loey, A.M., Declerck, P. J., Hendrickx, M.E. & Gils, A. 2010. Plant pectin methylesterase and its inhibitor from kiwi fruit: Interaction analysis by surface plasmon resonance. Food Chemistry. 121: 207-214. [DOI:10.1016/j.foodchem.2009.11.073]
8. Jolie, R. P., Duvetter, T., Houben, K., Clynen, E., Sila, D. N., Van Loey, A. M., and Hendrickx, M. E. 2009. Carrot pectin methylesterase and its inhibitor from kiwi fruit: Study of activity, stability and inhibition. Innovative Food Science & Emerging Technologies 10: 601-609. [DOI:10.1016/j.ifset.2009.02.003]
9. Kochert, G. 1978. Carbohydrate determination by the phenol-sulfuric acid method. Handbook of Phycological Methods: Physiological and Biochemical Methods. 57-97.
10. Lewis, K. C., Selzer, T., Shahar, C., Udi, Y., Tworowski, D. & Sagi, I. 2015. Inhibition of pectin methyl esterase activity by green tea catechins. Phytochemistry. 69(14): 2586-2592. [DOI:10.1016/j.phytochem.2008.08.012]
11. Lichtenthaler, H.K. 1987. Chlorophylls and carotenoids: pigments of photosynthetic biomembranes. Methods in Enzymology . 148: 350-382. [DOI:10.1016/0076-6879(87)48036-1]
12. Mauromicale, G., Monaco, A.L. & Longo, A.M. 2008. Effect of branched broomrape(Orobanche ramosa) infection on the growth and photosynthesis of tomato. Weed Science. 56: 574-581. [DOI:10.1614/WS-07-147.1]
13. Mayer, A. 2006. Pathogenesis by fungi and by parasitic plants: similarities and differences. Phytoparasitica. 34: 3-16. [DOI:10.1007/BF02981333]
14. Qasem, J. R. 1998. Chemical control of branched broomrape (Orobanche ramosa) in glasshouse grown tomato. Crop Protection. 17: 625-630 [DOI:10.1016/S0261-2194(98)00062-3]
15. Sasikumar, K., Vijayalakshmi, C. & Parthiban, K. 2006. Allelopathic effects of four Eucalyptus species on redgram (Cajanus cajan L.). Tropical Agriculture. 39: 134-138.
16. Singh, A., Gupta, R. & Pandey, R. 2017. Exogenous application of rutin and gallic acid regulate antioxidants and alleviate reactive oxygen generation in Oryza sativa L. P Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants. 23: 301-309. [DOI:10.1007/s12298-017-0430-2]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons Licence
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.



© 2021 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Nova Biologica Reperta

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb