Volume 6, Issue 2 (8-2019)                   nbr 2019, 6(2): 229-240 | Back to browse issues page

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Baghbani-Arani َ, Modarres-Sanavi S A M, Mashhadi Akbar Boojar M, Adavi Z, Dehghanzade-Jezi H. The effect of water deficit stress on chlorophyll fluorescence, photosynthetic pigments, trigoneline and grain yield in fenugreek in response to zeolite and nitrogen . nbr. 2019; 6 (2) :229-240
URL: http://nbr.khu.ac.ir/article-1-3083-en.html
, abolfazlbaghbani@pnu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (250 Views)
In order to determine the effects of water deficit stress, nitrogen fertilization and zeolite on chlorophyll fluorescence, pigments, trigonelline content and seed yield in, a split factorial experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with three replications. Five irrigation regimes were randomly applied to the main plots. Subplots included six treatments and consisted of a factorial combination of three nitrogen fertilization (untreated plots, vermicompost at a rate of 2.7 ton ha-1 and nitrogen chemical fertilizer at a rate of 11 kg.ha-1) and two zeolite rates (0 and 9 ton.ha-1). The results demonstrated that (Fm), (Fv), (Fv/Fm), chl a, b, total chl content and also seed yield were significantly reduced by water deficit stress, wheras minimum fluorescence (F0), carotenoid and trigonelline concentrations were increased. In addition, the highest Fv/Fm, chl a+b content and the lowest F0 and carotenoids were observed when irrigation was done after unloading 40% of ASW. In most treatments vermicompost increased the yield (by 25.51% and 98.32% in 2014 and 2015, respectively) and grain trigonelline concentration (7.46% in 2014) in Fenugreek. Mild water stress with vermicompost treatment is recommended for the production of trigoneline from Fenugreek seeds.
Full-Text [PDF 1002 kb]   (53 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Plant Biology
Received: 2018/02/7 | Revised: 2019/09/3 | Accepted: 2018/08/26 | Published: 2019/07/30 | ePublished: 2019/07/30

References
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19. Movahhedy-Dehnavy, M., Modarres-Sanavy, S.A.M. and Mokhtassi-Bidgoli, A. 2009. Foliar application of zinc and manganese improves seed yield and quality of sunfflower (Helianthus annuus L.) grown under water deficit stress. - Indust. Crops Prod. 30: 82-92. [DOI:10.1016/j.indcrop.2009.02.004]
20. Paknejad, F., Majidi heravan, E., Noor mohammadi, Q., Siyadat, A. and Vazan, S. 2007. Effects of drought stress on chlorophyll fluorescence parameters, chlorophyll content and grain yield of wheat cultivars. - Amer. J. Bioch. Biotech. 5: 162-169.
21. Ranjbar- Fordoei, A., Samson, R. and Van Damme, P. 2013. Some ecophysiological characteristics of artà (Calligonum comosum Hérit) in response to drought stress. - Forest Sci. Pract. 15: 114-120. [DOI:10.1007/s11632-013-0208-8]
22. Roy, S., Arunachalam, K., Kumar Dutta, B. and Arunachalam, A. 2010. Effect of organic amendments of soil on growth and productivity of three common crops viz. Zea mays, Phaseolus vulgaris and Abelmoschus esculentus. - Appl. Soil. Eco. 7: 39-46. [DOI:10.1016/j.apsoil.2010.02.004]
23. Shimizu, M.M. and Mazzafera, P.A. 2000. Role for trigonelline during imbibition and germination of coffee seeds. - Plant Bio. 605: 2-11. [DOI:10.1055/s-2000-16645]
24. Tunctürk, R., Celen, A.E. and Tunctürk, M. 2011. The effects of nitrogen and sulphur fertilizers on the yield and quality of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.). - Turk J. Fie. Crops. 16: 69-75.
25. Abdalla, M.M. and El-Khoshiban, N.H. 2007. Metabolic and hormonal contents of two Triticium aestivum cultivars. - J. Appl. Sci. Res. 3: 2062-2074.
26. Acharya, S.N., Thomas, J.E. and Basu, S.K. 2008. Fenugreek, an alternative crop for semiarid regions of North America. - Crop Sci. 48: 841-53. [DOI:10.2135/cropsci2007.09.0519]
27. Arancon, N.Q., Edwards, C.A., Bierman, P., Metzger, J.D. and Lucht, C. 2005. Effects of vermicomposts produced from cattle manure, food waste and paper waste on the growth and yield of peppers in the field. - Pedobiol. 49: 297-306. [DOI:10.1016/j.pedobi.2005.02.001]
28. Arnon, D.I. 1949. Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplasts. Polyphennoloxidase in Beta vulgaris. - Plant Physiol. 24: 1-150. [DOI:10.1104/pp.24.1.1]
29. Basu, S.K. 2006. Seed production technology for fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) in the Canadian. Master of Science Thesis. Department of Biological Sciences University of Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada pp: 202.
30. Cho, Y., Kodjoe, E., Puppala, N. and Wood, A.J. 2011. Reduced trigonelline accumulation due to rhizobial activity improves grain yield in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). - Acta Agri. Scand. B 61: 395-403. [DOI:10.1080/09064710.2010.494614]
31. Conming, L. and Zang, J. 2000. Photosynthetic CO2 assimilation chlorophyll fluorescence and photoihibiton as affected by nitrogen deficiency in maize plants. - J. Plant Sci. 151: 135-143. [DOI:10.1016/S0168-9452(99)00207-1]
32. Dadrasan, M., Chaichi, M. R., Pourbabaee, A. A., Yazdani, D. and Keshavarz-Afshar, R. 2015. Deficit irrigation and biological fertilizer influence on yield andtrigonelline production of Fenugreek. - Indust. Crops Prod. 77: 156-162. [DOI:10.1016/j.indcrop.2015.08.040]
33. Facchini, P.J. 2001. Alkaloid biosynthesis in plants: biochemistry, cell biology, molecular regulation, and metabolic engineering applications. - Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol. 52: 29-66. [DOI:10.1146/annurev.arplant.52.1.29]
34. Francheboud, Y. and Leipner, J. 2003. The application of chlorophyll fluorescence to study light, temperature and drought stress. In: De-Ell, J.R., P.M.A. Tiovonen (Eds.). Practical applications of chlorophyll fluorescence in plant biology. - Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp: 125-150. [DOI:10.1007/978-1-4615-0415-3_4]
35. Hassanzadeh, E., Chaichi, M.R., Mazaheri, D., Rezazadeh, S. and Badi, H.A.N. 2011. Physical and chemical variabilities among domestic Iranian fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graceum) seeds. - Asi. J. Plant Sci. 10: 323-330. [DOI:10.3923/ajps.2011.323.330]
36. Hazrati, S., Tahmasebi-Sarvestani, Z., Modarres-Sanavy, S. A. M., Mokhtassi-Bidgoli. A. and Nicola, S. 2016. Effects of water stress and light intensity on chlorophyll fluorescence parameters and pigments of Aloe vera L. - Plant Physiol. Biochem. 106: 141-148. [DOI:10.1016/j.plaphy.2016.04.046]
37. Ippolito, A.J., Tarkalson, D.D. and Lehrsch, G.A. 2011. Zeolite soil application method affects inorganic nitrogen, moisture, and Corn growth. - Soil Sci. 176: 136-142. [DOI:10.1097/SS.0b013e31820e4063]
38. Jaleel, C.A., Manivannan, P., Wahid, A., Farooq, M., Jasim, H., Somasundaram, R. and Pannerselvam, R. 2009. Drought stress in plants: a review on morphological characteristics and pigments composition. - Inter. J. Agricul. Biol. 11: 100-105.
39. Karimi, S., Nasri, M. and Ghoshchi, F. 2013. Investigation of drought stress on agro-physiological indices of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) with Zeolite application tested in the region of Varamin. - Inter. J. Agricul. Sci. 3: 894-903.
40. Khaleghi, E., Arzani, K., Moallemi, N. and Barzegar, M. 2012. Evaluation of chlorophyll content and chlorophyll fluorescence parameters and relationships between chlorophyll a, b and chlorophyll content index under water stress in Olea europaea cv. Dezful. - World Acad. Sci. Engin.Tech. 68: 1154-1157.
41. Mehrafarin, A., Rezazadeh, Sh., Naghdi Badi, H., Noormohammadi, G.H., Zand, E. and Qaderi, A. 2011. A review on biology, cultivation and biotechnology of Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) as a valuable medicinal plant and multipurpose. - J. Med. Plants. 10: 6-24.
42. Mokhtassi-Bidgoli, A., Agha Alikhani, M., Nassiri-Mahallati, M., Zand, E., Gonzalez-Andujard, J. L. and Azarie, A. 2013. Agronomic performance, seed quality and nitrogen uptake of Descurainia Sophia in response to different nitrogen rates and water regimes. - Indust. Crops Prod. 44: 583-592. [DOI:10.1016/j.indcrop.2012.09.018]
43. Movahhedy-Dehnavy, M., Modarres-Sanavy, S.A.M. and Mokhtassi-Bidgoli, A. 2009. Foliar application of zinc and manganese improves seed yield and quality of sunfflower (Helianthus annuus L.) grown under water deficit stress. - Indust. Crops Prod. 30: 82-92. [DOI:10.1016/j.indcrop.2009.02.004]
44. Paknejad, F., Majidi heravan, E., Noor mohammadi, Q., Siyadat, A. and Vazan, S. 2007. Effects of drought stress on chlorophyll fluorescence parameters, chlorophyll content and grain yield of wheat cultivars. - Amer. J. Bioch. Biotech. 5: 162-169.
45. Ranjbar- Fordoei, A., Samson, R. and Van Damme, P. 2013. Some ecophysiological characteristics of artà (Calligonum comosum Hérit) in response to drought stress. - Forest Sci. Pract. 15: 114-120. [DOI:10.1007/s11632-013-0208-8]
46. Roy, S., Arunachalam, K., Kumar Dutta, B. and Arunachalam, A. 2010. Effect of organic amendments of soil on growth and productivity of three common crops viz. Zea mays, Phaseolus vulgaris and Abelmoschus esculentus. - Appl. Soil. Eco. 7: 39-46. [DOI:10.1016/j.apsoil.2010.02.004]
47. Shimizu, M.M. and Mazzafera, P.A. 2000. Role for trigonelline during imbibition and germination of coffee seeds. - Plant Bio. 605: 2-11. [DOI:10.1055/s-2000-16645]
48. Tunctürk, R., Celen, A.E. and Tunctürk, M. 2011. The effects of nitrogen and sulphur fertilizers on the yield and quality of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.). - Turk J. Fie. Crops. 16: 69-75.

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