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Guidelines for authors

Manuscripts must be in Persian with English title and abstract or in English with Persian title and abstract. It is essential to follow the rules of correct language. Manuscripts poor in writing skill will not be processed for scientific reviewing. Authors must follow the “instructions for authors” carefully. Manuscripts in inappropriate format may be rejected without being reviewed. All articles must comprise a title, an abstract, main body and references. Each part must be prepared precisely according to the following rules and regulations.

Title page (in both English and Persian): The title page must include the title of the paper, the authors’ complete names, affiliations and postal as well as electronic addresses. Papers must have only one corresponding author. The title must be written in bold letters with font size 14.

Abstract: Every paper must have two abstracts, one in Persian and one in English. The abstract must include important findings of the author(s) and the contribution to the field. It must not exceed 250 Persian words, or 200 English words. The Persian abstract must be written by B-Zar 10 font and the English abstract by Times new Roman 10 font.

Keywords: The abstract, Persian or English, must be followed by 5 keywords in the same language. These words must not have been mentioned in the Title.

The above mentioned part must be ordered in the following manner: Persian title page, Persian abstract, Persian keywords, English title page, English abstract and English keywords.

Main body: The main body of the manuscript must include an introduction, materials and methods, results and discussion, and an optional acknowledgements part. The manuscript must prepared by the “Microsoft Office Word 2003”. All Persian words in the main body of the manuscript must be written by B-Zar 12 font and all English words by Times new Roman 11 font. Line-spacing must be adjusted to 1 cm. The headings must be written by font size 12 and in bold letters. The subheadings must be written by font size 11 and in bold letters. 

Footnotes and explanations of figures and tables in Persian manuscripts must be written both in Persian and in English. Persian words must be written by B-Zar 10 and English words by Times new Roman 10.

Literature citations and references: To cite references in the text of the main body, the following style must be observed. The name of the author and the year of the publication must be written in parentheses, e.g. (Broughton, 2012). In case the references which are cited have two authors, the names of the authors must be separated by “&”, e.g. (Lee & Mao, 2012). Finally, if more than two authors have cooperated in the compilation of the paper cited, only the name of the first author is mentioned, followed by “et al.”, e.g. (Friedman et al., 1999; Kopen et al., 2002).

The references part at the end of the paper must be organized in the following way.

Samples for published articles:

Tuhkanen, A.L., Agren, L.M., Tammi, M.I. and Tammi, R.H. 1999. CD44 expression marks the onset of keratinocyte stratification and mesenchymal maturation into fibrous dermis in fetal human skin. – The J. Histochem. and Cytochem. 47: 1617-1624.

Samples for published books:

Taiz, L. and Zeiger, E. 2010. Plant Physiology. – Sinauer Associates, Los Angeles, 322 pp.

Samples for referencing to certain pages of a book:

Metcalfe, C.R. and Chalk, L. 1979. Anatomy of the Dicotyledons. – Oxford Science Publications, Oxford. pp: 222-249.

Samples of referencing to certain chapters of a book:

Browicz, K. and Zielinski, J. 1977. Rhamnus L. – In: Rechinger, K.H. (ed.), Flora Iranica. vol. 125: 14-25. – Akad. Druck- und Verlagsanstalt, Graz.

Huber-Morath, A. 1967. Gypsophila L. – In: Davis, P.H. (ed.). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 2: 149-171. – Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.

Samples of referencing to electronic references:

Thiers, B. 2015 continuously updated. Index herbariorum: A global directory of public herbaria and associated staff. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, NY. Available from: http://sweetgum.nybg.org/ih/ [accessed 29 July 2015]

The International Plant Names Index. 2012+. Published on the Internet http://www.ipni.org [accessed 1 March 2016]

In the references part of the manuscript the complete name of the journals must not be mentioned; instead, the initials of the journals must be used. As an example, the following site has been used to refer to papers in botany and related sciences in order to cite the initials of the journals uniformly.

Bridson G.D.R., 2004: BPH-2. – Pittsburgh: Hunt Institute.

(BPH Online: http://fmhibd.library.cmu.edu/HIBD-DB/bpho/findrecords.php)

Complete papers, abstracts of the papers presented in conferences, theses or dissertations should not be used as references. In case necessary the mention of only one of these kinds of references may be permitted.

  • Figures and tables, together with their captions, must be prepared in a separate file and be numerated according to their occurrence in the main body. They should be of high quality and in their preparation colors and patterns which can be distinguishable in black and white printing must be used.
  • The scientific names of the taxa must be written in full, together with the name(s) of the author(s), when they appear for the first time. They must be written in the abbreviated form when they are repeated. It is recommended that they should be written in the full form when they are used in titles and abstracts.
  • The English abstract must reflect the contents of the Persian abstract or vice versa. This applies exactly to the captions of figures and tables. All English content must be checked by an expert of the English language. Papers in poor English will be rejected.
  •  All the authors must sign the copyright form and the corresponding author is responsible for presenting this to the journal.
  • Addressing the academic email of the corresponding author is preferable.
  • The authors hold the total responsibility for what they present in their papers.
  • The papers submitted to the journal will be processed for scientific review. The journal holds the rights to accept, reject, or edit them.


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